Development of the glass and ceramic industry in the period from 2005 to 2010

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In this part of the Annual Report characteristic values of the main production indices of the glass and ceramic industry of the Czech Republic in 2010 and in the period from 2005 till 2010 are recorded. In the context of real outer and inner background of the Czech Republic, based on these data, the aim is to analyze and describe the main trends of the development of economic and production indices of the glass and ceramic industry in above-mentioned years.

In the introduction of the glass and ceramic industry development analysis a survey of basic macroeconomic indices for the Czech Republic in the investigated period from 2005 till 2010 is given for understanding wide relations.

Main macroeconomic indices in the Czech Republic in the period from 2005 till 2010

( Czech Statistical Office - April 2010 )

   
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Average growth in %, current prices

6.3
6.8
6.1
2.5
-4.1
2.3

Average rate of inflation

Average growth in %

1.9
2.5
2.8
6.3
1.0
1.5

Unemployment rate

Average growth in %

9.0
8.1
6.6
5.5
8.0
9.0

Growth of average wages

in %

3.0
4.0
4.3
1.9
3.0
0.5

Balance of trade

bill CZK

41.9
39.8
86.1
67.8
149.5
124.5

CZK / EUR

Average per year

29.8
28.3
27.8
24.9
26.4
25.3

CZK / USD

Average per year

24.0
22.6
20.3
17.0
19.1
19.1

During the whole 2010 year the gross domestic product increased actually by 2.3 % in comparison with 2009 when the economy collapsed by 4.1 %. The processing industry grew quickly. Consumer inflation and the growth of prices were lower than in the EU 27. The average nominal and real month wage in the Czech economy developed unfavourably in 2010. The Czech crown strengthened in relation to the Euro. Its development in relation to the US dollar was stabilized.

Data and analyses given below were gathered and processed for the glass and ceramic industry as the area of the Czech processing industry corresponding to the characteristic orientation of companies associated in the Association. The selected method of the industrial development description comes out from investigation of data arranged in individual branches of the glass and ceramic industry. For the analysis of 2010 available statistical data of companies with more than 50 employees relevant to 30 June 2011, have been used.

Since 2008 the production is not stated by the Czech Statistical Office consistently in tonnes, but for instance in m2, pieces, kg, etc. Therefore, in comparison with previous reports, information about the production in weight units in individual production branches is not given in this report.

Price indices for the group of products of the glass and ceramic industry

 

Inter-year price indices

REPR

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

CG 23

Other non-metallic mineral products

100.7
101.4
105.4
102.4
98.0
97.3

CG 231

Glass and glass products

99.7
101.4
108.4
98.1
93.6
97.9

CG 232

Refractory products

97.1
101.1
102.0
103.3
102.9
97.7

CG 234

Other china and ceramic products

98.1
99.2
102.2
105.5
104.1
98.1

(same period of previous year = 100 %)

The total average price index of the Other non-metallic mineral products group decreased by 0.7 of a percentual point in comparison with previous year. The price index in the Other china and ceramic products and Refractory products groups decreased significantly.

Cumulative price indices

REPR

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

CG 23

Other non-metallic mineral products

100.7
102.1
107.6
110.2
108.0
105.0

CG 231

Glass and glass products

99.8
101.2
109.7
107.6
100.7
98.6

CG 232

Refractory products

97.1
98.2
100.2
103.5
106.4
104.0

CG 234

Other china and ceramic products

98.0
97.4
99.5
105.0
109.3
107.3

(2004 = 100 %)

Revenues for sale of own products and services

Revenues for sale of own products and services (bill. CZK)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

15.86
15.99
17.76
18.17
13.96
14.09
100.9

Container glass

4.96
4.75
4.84
4.33
3.71
3.42
92.2

Other glass

13.33
12.70
12.39
11.14
9.63
7.05
73.2

Glass fibres

4.23
4.53
5.42
4.39
4.74
5.11
107.8

Utility glass

5.30
5.38
5.77
5.00
1.78
2.34
131.5

Glass total

43.68
43.35
46.18
43.03
33.82
32.01
94.6

Household china and ceramics

2.63
2.34
2.90
2.66
0.93
1.06
114.0

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

3.00
3.86
3.59
4.12
3.32
3.65
109.9

Ceramics total

5.63
6.20
6.49
6.78
4.25
4.71
110.8

Glass and ceramics total

49.31
49.55
52.67
49.81
38.07
36.72
96.5

Development of revenues for sale of own products and services (bill. CZK)

In 2010 the revenues amount reached 36.72 bill. CZK, i.e. by 3.5 % less than in 2009 in investigated branches.

Due to the stimulation of foreign demand, especially from Germany, the revenues increased in all production branches in 2010, with the exception of other glass.

The revenues for flat glass in 2010 (in comparison with 2009) increased by 0.9 % (1.03 bill. CZK). The flat glass production is dependent on the development of the building and automotive industry. In 2009 the fully developed crisis considerably impacted the building industry where a noticeable demand decrease appeared. The decrease continued continually in 2010. A housing development decreased by 7.8 % in comparison with previous year, from which, for instance, the commenced housing development by 24.6 % and finished flats by 5.3 %. Public orders totally decreased by 37 % (data from the Association of Building Entrepreneurs). In contrast with the building industry the automotive industry was formed favourably. Number of produced road motor vehicles increased in comparison with 2009 by 9.4 % (1.094.988 pieces), from which personal cars 9.5 % (1.072.263 pieces) (data from the Association of Automobile Industry).

The revenues for container glass reached amount of 3.42 bill. CZK in 2010, i.e. decreased by 7.8 % in comparison with 2009. The continuing economic crisis and competitive surroundings showed with price decrease on inland and foreign market. Plastic containers are strong competitors of container glass.

The revenues of other glass decreased in comparison with 2009 by 24.8 % (2.58 bill. CZK). This group includes a wide assortment of products (technical and laboratory glass, glass tiles and bricks, glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery, etc.). The demand is very unbalanced. Permanent decrease is given by the demand decrease for glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery (approx. 60 % of revenues for other glass) and technical glass. Also statistical statement, especially in small companies, can influence.

The revenues of glass fibres and products made of increased by 7.8 % (0.37 bill. CZK) in comparison with previous year. The revenues increase influenced the growth of European economy in 2010.

In comparison with previous year the revenues for utility glass increased by 31.5 % (0.37 bill. CZK). In 2010 appeared not only stimulation of demand, but new owners started the production in Crystal Bohemia, a.s., Crystalex CZ, s.r.o., and Crystalite Bohemia, s.r.o.

Decline in revenues for other glass was so noticeable (2.58 bill. CZK) that it influenced total revenues development for the glass industry. The decreasing demand constantly impinges the technical glass and glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery.

The increase of revenues in household china and ceramics by 14.0 % (0.13 bill. CZK) is a consequence of production renewal in THUN 1794, a.s. (formerly Karlovarský porcelán, a.s.). Also in 2010 the demand decreased not only in the Czech Republic but also in abroad. 

In technical ceramics and sanitary ware the revenues increased by 9.9 % (0.33 bill. CZK). The revenues in sanitary ware decreased by 0.11 bill. CZK, in contrary with technical ceramics revenues (0.44 bill. CZK).

Workers

Average accounting number of workers (persons)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

4 134
4 151
4 683
5 175
4 453
4 256
95.6

Container glass

1 283
1 233
1 198
1 150
1 143
1 202
105.2

Other glass

13 182
13 364
12 865
10 206
7 447
5 361
72.0

Glass fibres

1 559
1 561
1 670
1 529
1 259
1 188
94.4

Utility glass

8 635
7 436
6 911
6 020
1 931
2 402
124.4

Glass total

28 793
27 745
27 327
24 080
16 233
14 409
88.8

Household china and ceramics

4 908
4 234
4 136
3 749
1 751
1 900
108.5

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

3 124
3 215
2 917
3 411
1 885
2 576
136.7

Ceramics total

8 032
7 449
7 053
7 160
3 636
4 476
123.1

Glass and ceramics total

36 825
35 194
34 380
31 240
19 869
18 885
95.0

Development of average accounting number of workers (persons)

Total workers number in the glass and ceramic industry stated in 2010 in comparison with the previous year, decreased by 984 persons (by 5 %), from which it was by 11.2 % in the glass industry, in the ceramic industry it increased by 23.1 %. The inter-year development of workers number in individual branches is varying.

The decrease in flat glass production by 29.6 % projected to the decrease of workers in flat glass. On the other side the workers number increased by 8.4 % in the area of flat glass shaping and processing.

The number of workers increased by 5.2 % in container glass.

The workers number decrease by 2086 persons in other glass is a consequence of critical situation in the production of glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery.

The number of workers decreased by 5.6 % in glass fibres.

The workers number in utility glass increased significantly (by 24.4 %) due to renewed production in Crystalex CZ, s.r.o., Crystal BOHEMIA, a.s. and Crystalite BOHEMIA, s.r.o.

The increase of workers in household china and ceramics has the same reason as in utility glass. The production was renewed in THUN 1794, a.s. 

The workers number increased very significantly (by 36.7 %) in technical ceramics and sanitary ware (by 752 persons in technical ceramics). With regard a fact that no new plant was put into operation, it shows to a mistake in statement, probably.

Average month-wages

Average month-wages (CZK)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

23 980
25 406
26 785
27 271
28 172
30 113
106.9

Container glass

22 609
23 028
25 035
26 875
27 007
27 896
103.3

Other glass

16 014
17 043
17 798
19 745
20 223
21 979
108.7

Glass fibres

27 603
28 734
29 196
31 351
31 351
30 783
98.2

Utility glass

14 195
14 702
15 736
17 120
13 828
17 300
125.1

Household china and ceramics

11 958
13 058
14 177
14 650
13 602
14 698
108.1

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

18 589
19 496
21 314
21 472
23 863
22 566
94.6

Glass and ceramics total

16 880
18 008
19 276
20 794
22 364
23 495
105.1

Development of average month-wages (CZK)

The inter-year development of average month-wages in years 2010 and 2009 documents the economic situation of glass and ceramic industry companies.

With an exception of technical ceramics and sanitary ware and glass fibres the average wages increased in comparison with previous year.

More and more noticeable tendency in differentiation of wages among groups with mass and full automatized productions (e.g. flat glass, glass fibres and container glass) and groups with more often changes (shorter production series) in the regime of automatized production lines and also a certain share of manual production, is continuing. Average wages reached in glass fibres and flat and container glass (i.e. 23.951 CZK) are high above the average wage of the Czech Republic (data from the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs). Below the level of the average wage in the Czech Republic the average wage is reached in technical ceramics and sanitary ware, where the average wage in technical ceramics was 19.206 CZK and in sanitary ware 26.865 CZK. The height of the average wage in other glass is influenced by strengthening of more qualified work share (a group of technical glass productions) on one side, and low wages in the production of glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery on the other side. According to the development within the last three years it is noticeable that a qualified work is preferred in this group. The average wages in utility glass and household china stay deeply below the average wage in the Czech Republic.

Productivity of labour from sales in current prices

Productivity of labour from sales in current prices (ths. CZK/worker)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

3 835
3 851
3 791
3 511
3 135
3 312
105.6

Container glass

3 866
3 850
4 041
3 765
3 251
2 845
87.5

Other glass

1 011
951
963
1 092
1 293
1 315
101.7

Glass fibres

2 710
2 905
3 246
2 837
3 762
4 304
114.4

Utility glass

614
723
835
831
925
974
105.3

Household china and ceramics

537
553
701
709
527
555
105.3

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

959
1 201
1 233
1 208
1 759
1 417
80.6

Glass and ceramics total

1 339
1 408
1 532
1 595
1 915
1 945
101.6

Development of productivity of labour from sales in current prices (ths. CZK/worker)

All above-mentioned conclusions (development of revenues and workers number, and production character) are projected in more complex index of the labour productivity from sales. The productivity of the glass and ceramic industry as the whole increased only by 1.1 % in comparison with previous year. In comparison with the increase between years 2009 and 2008 it is the decrease by 18.6 % of a percentual point. The value 1945 ths. CZK per employee in 2010 is the highest from the investigated development line. The productivity development in individual groups was, however, various.

The inter-year decrease of workers number and the growth of revenues for flat glass favourably projected to the productivity growth which increased by 5.6 %.

In the consequence of low prices, the revenues for container glass decreased, however the workers number increased what projected to the decrease of productivity by 12.5 % in this branch.

The increase of labour productivity in other glass (by 1.7 %) is caused by gradual increase of share of products with higher added value.

The lowering of workers number positively influenced the increase of labour productivity of glass fibres (by 14.4 %) and the increase of revenues in this branch.

The increase of utility glass productivity (by 5.3 %) is a consequence of positive basic changes in the greatest companies of this branch.

The growth of productivity of household china and ceramics (by 5.3 %) is in relation with the development of workers number and revenues what is very difficult to keep in time of fluctuations of demand.

The productivity in technical ceramics and sanitary ware cannot be evaluated in the whole branch, because the improbable increase of workers number in technical ceramics is a cause of a significant decrease (by 19.4 %). The productivity in sanitary ware increased negligibly by 0.4 % (1881 ths. CZK per worker) in comparison with previous year.

In the industry of glass and ceramics as the whole the inter-year productivity increase was by 3.5 of a percentual point lower than the average wages growth.

Export

Export (bill. CZK)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

11.471
12.988
13.004
12.774
10.325
11.112
107.6

Container glass

2.668
2.700
2.702
2.123
2.128
2.701
126.9

Other glass

16.314
14.902
13.611
9.020
9.061
8.187
90.4

Glass fibres

4.774
6.350
7.515
6.436
5.904
6.665
112.9

Utility glass

8.149
7.263
7.660
6.685
3.805
5.010
131.7

Glass total

43.376
44.203
44.492
37.038
31.223
33.675
107.9

Household china and ceramics

2.957
2.932
3.708
3.518
2.395
2.065
86.2

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

2.206
2.261
2.358
2.087
1.676
1.883
112.4

Ceramics total

5.163
5.193
6.066
5.605
4.071
3.948
97.0

Glass and ceramics total

48.539
49.396
50.558
42.643
35.294
37.623
106.6

Development of export (bill. CZK)

The glass and ceramic industry of the Czech Republic is oriented to export, and so it is directly influenced by economic changes in the world.

After the decline of this branch export within years 2008 and 2009, it increased by 6.6 % in 2010 in comparison with 2009. The total export of investigated groups was 37.623 bill. CZK in 2010.

The export development in 2010 was different in individual branches. Generally, it is possible to say that the increase of export is caused especially by a strong growth of European economy.

Further on, the export development in individual production branches is given.

Flat glass

The flat glass export reached 11.112.0 mill. CZK in 2010.

Flat glass export according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Unfinished flat glass

255 942.2
3 623.5
27.9
223 759.0
3 752.8
28.9
306 985.4
4 021.2
31.5
249 787.3
3 098.8
30.0
268 406.5
3 263.5
29.4

Safety glass

112 730.9
7 590.2
58.4
112 843.5
7 188.2
55.3
116 309.5
6 605.5
51.7
84 657.3
5 623.1
54.5
90 966.1
6 071.2
54.6

Insulating units from several glass sheets

6 953.2
270.9
2.1
6 016.5
282.2
2.2
6 878.0
322.4
2.5
7 593.9
341.7
3.3
10 377.2
361.4
3.3

Glass mirrors and rear mirrors

62 615.1
1 503.5
11.6
62 774.5
1 780.9
13.7
56 544.8
1 825.1
14.3
42 624.4
1 262.2
12.2
37 508.1
1 415.9
12.7

Totally

438 241.4
12 988.1
100.0
405 393.5
13 004.1
100.0
486 717.7
12 774.2
100.0
384 662.9
10 325.8
100.0
407 257.9
11 112.0
100.0

Development of the flat glass export according to the assortment (mill. CZK)

Structure of the flat glass export according to the assortment in 2010 (t)

Structure of the flat glass export according to the assortment in 2010 (CZK)

The greatest share of export in weight units in 2010 had unfinished flat glass with 65.9 % (81.2 % float glass), followed by 22.3 % of the safety glass export. As far as the export in CZK, the situation is different. The greatest share has the safety glass export with 54.6 %. The share of export of unfinished flat glass is 29.4 %. 

The development of export according to territories is given in the following table.

Flat glass export according to territories

 
2006
2007
 
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

363 833.5
11 416.2
87.9
343 888.6
11 593.9
89.2
388 200.5
11 099.1
86.9
349 526.0
9 454.5
91.6
377 649.3
10 172.7
91.5

Europe, other countries

57 235.1
986.5
7.6
50 996.7
1 001.5
7.7
60 686.9
1 073.2
8.4
30 662.8
613.1
5.9
22 175.7
557.0
5.0

USA and Canada

5 523.0
460.6
3.5
2 328.8
204.1
1.6
1 397.5
121.1
0.9
945.9
120.9
1.2
1 344.3
41.3
0.4

Other countries

11 649.8
124.8
1.0
8 179.4
204.6
1.6
36 432.8
480.8
3.8
3 528.2
137.3
1.3
6 086.6
341.0
3.1

Totally

438 241.4
12 988.1
100.0
405 393.5
13 004.1
100.0
486 717.7
12 774.2
100.0
384 662.9
10 325.8
100.0
407 255.9
11 112.0
100.0

Structure of the flat glass export according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

A significant part of the flat glass export is directed to the European Union countries. The share on export in 2010 was 91.5 %. The greatest customers are Germany, Austria, Romania, Poland, Belgium, France, Hungary and Slovakia. The greatest customers out of the European Union are Russia, Ukraine, Serbia and Croatia.

The structure of export corresponds to the goal utilization of the flat glass export (predominating utilization in the building and automotive industries) and to the commercial strategy of companies.

Container glass

The container glass export in 2010 was 2701.0 mill. CZK.

Container glass export according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

236 760.3
2 301.2
85.2
227 986.4
2 380.5
88.1
170 869.0
1 838.2
86.6
153 244.9
1 744.4
82.0
258 449.2
2 358.9
87.3

Europe, other countries

36 031.9
357.0
13.2
29 614.3
285.6
10.6
27 496.5
245.8
11.6
31 581.1
340.3
16.0
27 600.9
300.1
11.1

USA and Canada

187.0
4.3
0.2
456.7
9.0
0.3
615.5
14.4
0.7
808.7
17.0
0.8
725.5
14.3
0.5

Other countries

4 257.9
37.5
1.4
1 740.0
26.9
1.0
1 283.3
24.2
1.1
1 191.1
26.2
1.2
1 307.3
27.7
1.0

Totally

277 237.1
2 700.0
100.0
259 797.4
2 702.0
100.0
200 264.3
2 122.6
100.0
186 825.8
2 127.9
100.0
288 082.9
2 701.0
100.0

Structure of the container glass export according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

The export is determined by the character of utilization of the substantial part of the container glass assortment. It is not economic to transport bottles and preserve jars to long distances. In 2010 the 87.3 % of export was intended to the European Union countries. The greatest customers are Germany, Poland, Slovakia, Austria and France. The 11.1 % of export was intended to other European countries. The greatest customers in these countries were Russia and Switzerland.

Other glass

The assortment of the other glass export is very wide. It includes technical, laboratory and laboratory apparatus glass, technical spheres, glass industrial apparatuses, protective welding glass, and optical glass. Also the production of glass blocks, glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery and fashion jewellery, and production of lighting glass and pieces are included.

The other glass export reached amount of 8187.2 mill. CZK in 2010.

Other glass export according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Technical glass

10 865.7
688.8
5.2
9 335.0
1 242.5
10.7
10 011.8
1 134.0
12.6
9 275.5
982.3
10.8
7 174.8
633.0
7.7

Glass tiles, plates and blocks

66 688.4
1 093.4
8.3
51 392.4
969.3
8.3
58 160.4
1 044.6
11.6
63 918.3
1 307.0
14.4
64 350.6
1 422.3
17.4

Laboratory glass

3 139.0
496.6
3.8
3 278.6
510.5
4.4
3 156.0
430.1
4.8
2 535.4
350.5
3.9
3 680.3
435.9
5.3

Glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery

6 450.8
10 319.2
78.1
5 944.3
8 262.4
70.9
4 480.5
5 288.4
58.6
3 849.7
5 078.8
56.1
4 508.1
4 974.5
60.8

Other glass

12 100.6
617.6
4.7
17 630.7
673.3
5.8
37 303.6
1 123.0
12.4
26 991.1
1 342.4
14.8
12 034.1
721.5
8.8

Totally

99 244.5
13 215.6
100.0
87 581.0
11 658.0
100.0
113 112.3
9 020.1
100.0
106 570.0
9 061.0
100.0
91 747.9
8 187.2
100.0

Development of the other glass export according to the assortment (mill. CZK)

Structure of the other glass export according to the assortment in 2010 (CZK)

The greatest share with 60.8 % has the export of jewellery and glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery. The export of this assortment, which is traditional export article of the Czech Republic, faces to permanently stronger and much cheaper competition from the Far East for several years already. In comparison with 2009 the share of tiles, plates and bricks from glass, and laboratory glass increased, the share of technical glass decreased. A decline in other glass is given by a various assortment the export volume of which is permanently changing.

In the following table the other glass export according to territories is given.

Other glass export according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

57 046.0
3 017.6
22.8
50 284.3
2 743.0
23.5
77 207.8
2 713.8
30.1
67 557.4
3 322.7
36.7
54 630.7
2 738.0
33.4

Europe, other countries

2 828.8
219.2
1.7
4 033.0
242.1
2.1
2 381.0
180.6
2.0
1 960.6
141.7
1.6
3 783.1
259.5
3.2

USA and Canada

9 787.2
1 162.4
8.8
7 728.7
816.9
7.0
5 534.1
628.9
7.0
1 752.4
412.0
4.5
5 213.1
701.7
8.6

Other countries

29 582.5
8 816.4
66.7
25 535.0
7 856.0
67.4
27 989.4
5 496.8
60.9
35 299.7
5 184.6
57.2
28 121.0
4 488.0
54.8

Totally

99 244.5
13 215.6
100.0
87 581.0
11 658.0
100.0
113 112.3
9 020.1
100.0
106 570.1
9 061.0
100.0
91 747.9
8 187.2
100.0

Structure of the other glass export according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

On the contrary with the flat glass and container glass export the most of the other glass export (54.8 %) is exported to countries out of Europe. However, the situation is different in every group of products and it can differ according to orders every year. In 2010 the share of export to the European Union was predominant in the assortment of tiles, plates and bricks from glass (71.9 %) and laboratory glass (72.9 %). On the other side the export in the assortment of glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery (75.8 %) and technical glass (53.3 %) to the Other countries prevailed.

In the European Union countries the greatest customers are Germany, Poland, Italy, France, Belgium, Austria and Romania, in other European countries it is Russia, Ukraine, Switzerland and Norway.

From the Other countries and the USA and Canada the greatest customers of fashion jewellery and glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery are the United Arab Emirates, Hongkong, the USA, Mexico and Brazil.

Glass fibres and products made of

The export of glass fibres and products made of, which decreased since 2007, increased in 2010 to the amount of 6665.2 mill. CZK (by 12.9 %) in comparison with 2009. In spite of permanently stronger competition from the Far East, the stimulation of demand had a favourable influence to the export increase.

Export of the glass fibres and products made of according to territories

 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

98 689.8
5 385.8
84.8
159 851.8
6 598.5
87.8
124 632.6
5 807.2
90.2
127 780.5
5 387.2
91.2
152 659.9
6 065.9
91.0

Europe, other countries

12 308.6
454.2
7.2
14 059.2
524.6
7.0
6 364.4
315.4
4.9
5 141.6
224.9
3.8
6 681.7
240.5
3.6

USA and Canada

2 631.1
128.1
2.0
2 102.2
92.7
1.2
1 359.7
56.8
0.9
1 935.9
79.2
1.3
1 816.1
88.9
1.3

Other countries

9 615.8
382.0
6.0
5 722.2
299.1
4.0
6 261.3
258.8
4.0
4 079.6
212.6
3.6
5 281.3
269.9
4.0

Totally

123 245.3
6 350.1
100.0
181 735.4
7 514.9
100.0
138 618.0
6 438.2
100.0
138 937.6
5 903.9
100.0
166 439.0
6 665.2
100.0

Structure of export of the glass fibres and products made of according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

A substantial part of the export (91.0 %) is realized in the European Union countries. The greatest customers in 2010 were Germany, Poland, France, Italy and Austria. As far as countries out of the European Union it was Russia, Croatia and Ukraine.

Utility glass

The utility glass export belongs to traditional export branches of the Czech processing industry. In 2010 the export was 5010.4 mill. CZK. After the export decline of this assortment, the export increased by 31.7 % in comparison with 2009. Stimulation on the world markets brought also an increase of demand for utility glass products.

Utility glass export according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

26 564.6
3 404.0
46.9
15 910.2
3 455.3
45.1
15 730.9
2 739.6
41.0
24 609.6
1 404.3
36.9
33 857.1
2 095.9
41.8

Europe, other countries

10 775.1
801.7
11.0
12 413.5
1 039.9
13.6
12 477.9
1 119.3
16.7
6 478.4
521.5
13.7
8 869.6
776.7
15.5

USA and Canada

10 031.2
1 198.0
16.5
7 369.3
954.3
12.5
3 187.4
852.4
12.8
1 195.7
405.4
10.7
2 275.8
454.1
9.1

Other countries

14 423.2
1 859.7
25.6
13 591.5
2 210.9
28.9
10 921.3
1 974.0
29.5
7 771.0
1 474.2
38.7
10 671.6
1 683.7
33.6

Totally

61 794.1
7 263.4
100.0
49 284.5
7 660.4
100.0
42 317.5
6 685.3
100.0
40 054.7
3 805.4
100.0
55 674.1
5 010.4
100.0

Structure of the utility glass export according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

It is possible to say that the assortment of utility glass is exported to the whole world. In 2010 the 57.3 % of export was delivered to Europe. The greatest customers were Germany, Russia, France, Slovakia, Italy, Hungary, Poland, Ukraine and Switzerland. The share on export to the Other countries (export to 80 countries) and to the USA and Canada was 42.7 % in the same year. The greatest customers were the USA, Japan, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Libya, Lebanon, the United Arab Emirates, China and Brazil.

Household china and ceramics

The household china export as well as the utility glass export belongs to traditional export branches of the Czech processing industry.

Household china and ceramics export according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Household china

21 479.3
2 738.7
93.4
21 041.4
3 522.4
95.0
18 883.2
3 332.1
94.7
11 245.0
2 253.8
94.1
20 826.3
1 899.5
92.0

Household ceramics

2 179.8
91.4
3.1
1 996.5
91.8
2.5
2 157.0
108.6
3.1
1 488.8
82.8
3.5
1 387.6
107.2
5.2

Decorative and figural
china and ceramics

755.8
102.1
3.5
641.0
94.1
2.5
478.8
77.4
2.2
399.3
58.7
2.5
391.4
58.7
2.8

Totally

24 414.9
2 932.2
100.0
23 678.9
3 708.3
100.0
21 519.0
3 518.1
100.0
13 133.1
2 395.3
100.0
22 605.3
2 065.4
100.0

Development of the household china and ceramics export according to the assortment (mill. CZK)

Structure of the household china and ceramics export according to the assortment in 2010

In 2010 the household china and ceramics export was totally 2065.4 mill. CZK. In household china and ceramics the household china export shares with 92.0 %.

Household china and ceramics export according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

17 976.7
1 664.5
56.8
16 239.7
1 492.4
40.2
14 326.2
1 185.6
33.7
8 127.5
742.0
31.0
17 812.2
887.4
43.0

Europe, other countries

3 709.5
445.2
15.2
4 875.3
603.2
16.3
4 780.3
558.0
15.9
2 970.6
387.9
16.2
3 406.7
438.6
21.2

USA and Canada

1 433.9
582.1
19.9
651.4
383.4
10.3
1 196.3
1 157.3
32.9
631.3
613.6
25.6
628.1
462.5
22.4

Other countries

1 294.8
240.4
8.2
1 912.5
1 229.3
33.1
1 216.2
617.2
17.5
1 404.1
651.8
27.2
758.3
276.9
13.4

Totally

24 414.9
2 932.2
100.0
23 678.9
3 708.3
100.0
21 519.0
3 518.1
100.0
13 133.5
2 395.3
100.0
22 605.3
2 065.4
100.0

Structure of the household china and ceramics export according to the territories in 2010 (CZK)

As follows from the above stated table and graph significant changes appeared in the orientation of export within years 2006 and 2010. The share of export to the European Union countries and other European countries decreased totally from 72.0 % to 64.2 %. On the other side the share of export to the Other countries and to the USA and Canada increased.

The greatest customers in the European Union countries are Germany, Slovakia, Sweden and Austria. In other European countries it is Russia (74.0 % of export volume) and Switzerland. In the Other countries, including the USA and Canada the export was oriented to 55 countries of the world. The greatest customers in 2010 were the USA, Libya and Azerbaijan.

The household china and ceramics export similarly like utility glass and glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery and fashion jewellery export is very strongly influenced by significantly cheaper ware from the Far East.

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

The technical ceramics and sanitary ware export in 2010 was totally 1883.1 mill. CZK.    

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware export according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Technical ceramics

6 769.9
529.1
23.4
5 858.0
549.1
23.3
4 459.8
481.0
23.0
3 689.7
392.0
23.4
1 766.6
467.0
24.8

Sanitary ware

37 446.2
1 731.6
76.6
36 364.1
1 809.3
76.7
32 954.0
1 606.2
77.0
23 480.1
1 284.0
76.6
24 839.3
1 416.1
75.2

Totally

44 216.1
2 260.7
100.0
42 222.1
2 358.4
100.0
37 413.8
2 087.2
100.0
27 169.8
1 676.0
100.0
26 605.9
1 883.1
100.0

Development of the technical ceramics and sanitary ware export according to the assortment (mill CZK)

Structure of the technical ceramics and sanitary ware export according to the assortment in 2010 (CZK)

Sanitary ware shared on export with 75.2 % in 2010 and technical ceramics with 24.8 %.  

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware export according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

33 999.0
1 673.5
74.0
36 205.1
1 955.4
82.9
31 165.6
1 707.9
81.8
23 490.1
1 415.0
84.4
22 520.0
1 554.7
82.6

Europe, other countries

5 048.6
330.8
14.6
4 007.6
302.6
12.8
3 875.9
265.7
12.7
1 807.1
145.0
8.7
2 291.2
218.3
11.6

USA and Canada

46.4
5.1
0.2
11.4
3.7
0.2
56.6
10.3
0.5
38.6
9.1
0.5
49.0
10.2
0.5

Other countries

5 122.1
251.3
11.1
1 998.0
96.7
4.1
2 315.7
103.3
4.9
1 834.0
106.9
6.4
1 744.7
99.9
5.3

Totally

44 216.1
2 260.7
100.0
42 222.1
2 358.4
100.0
37 413.8
2 087.2
100.0
27 169.8
1 676.0
100.0
26 604.9
1 883.1
100.0

Structure of the technical ceramics and sanitary ware export according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

A substantial part of both groups is delivered to the European countries. Sanitary ware shared on export to the European countries in 2010 with 93.7 % (the 80.3 % to the European Union). Technical ceramics shared with 95.5 % (the 89.3 % to the European Union). The greatest customers of sanitary ware in Europe are Germany, Austria, Great Britain, Slovakia, and Russia.  

Import

Import (bill. CZK)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

6.346
7.738
8.437
8.167
7.583
8.697
114.7

Container glass

0.908
0.950
0.926
0.979
1.186
1.184
99.8

Other glass

3.733
3.118
2.963
1.761
1.637
1.905
116.4

Glass fibres

2.174
2.577
2.761
2.351
1.615
2.133
132.1

Utility glass

1.791
1.575
1.600
1.618
1.407
1.553
110.4

Glass total

14.952
15.958
16.687
14.876
13.428
15.472
115.2

Household china and ceramics

1.413
1.311
1.394
1.321
1.045
1.166
111.6

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

1.092
1.000
1.240
1.104
0.895
0.801
89.5

Ceramics total

2.505
2.311
2.634
2.425
1.940
1.967
101.4

Glass and ceramics total

17.457
18.269
19.321
17.301
15.368
17.439
113.5

Import development (bill. CZK)

The total import of the glass and ceramic industry products increased by 13.5 % (2.071 bill. CZK) in 2010 in comparison with 2009. The growth of European economy influenced the import as well as the export.

Further on, the import development in individual production branches is given.

Flat glass

After a decline within years 2009 and 2008 (decrease by 7.2 %) the import of flat glass assortment in 2010 increased by 14.7 % (by 1114.9 mill. CZK) to the amount of 8697.5 mill. CZK.

Flat glass import according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Unfinished flat glass

226 460.6
3 253.7
42.0
222 740.9
3 696.7
43.8
214 016.8
3 224.1
39.6
216 320.6
2 803.2
37.0
229 192.8
2 952.7
33.9

Safety glass

42 271.1
3 193.1
41.3
44 980.6
3 298.7
39.1
70 951.0
3 420.6
42.0
54 101.2
3 210.7
42.3
80 260.5
3 867.6
44.5

Insulating units from several glass sheets

5 825.9
267.9
3.5
7 177.8
368.5
4.4
6 986.2
274.6
3.4
5 725.4
255.8
3.4
7 266.3
282.9
3.3

Glass mirrors and rear mirrors

13 317.8
1 023.6
13.2
14 347.9
1 073.1
12.7
9 590.0
1 229.4
15.1
10 199.5
1 312.9
17.3
7 951.6
1 594.3
18.3

Totally

287 875.4
7 738.3
100.0
289 247.2
8 437.0
100.0
301 544.0
8 148.7
100.0
286 346.7
7 582.6
100.0
324 671.2
8 697.5
100.0

Development of the flat glass import according to the assortment (mill. CZK)

Structure of the flat glass import according to the assortment in 2010 (t)

Structure of the flat glass import according to the assortment in 2010 (CZK)

As follows from the above stated table (expressed in CZK) the import in all assortment groups increased.

The greatest share on the flat glass import in mass has unfinished flat glass with 70.6 % (from which 89.1 % float glass). The import amount is given by processing capacities in the Czech Republic.

Safety laminated toughened glass shares on import (expressed in CZK) with 44.5 %, unfinished flat glass with 33.9 %.

Flat glass import according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

276 916.4
6 825.0
88.2
271 444.2
7 465.0
88.5
283 701.9
7 431.3
91.0
275 802.6
6 989.2
92.2
297 369.5
7 637.2
87.8

Europe, other countries

1 769.3
67.8
0.9
2 362.3
55.7
0.7
1 151.9
32.4
0.4
533.1
137.5
1.8
5 697.2
99.6
1.1

USA and Canada

3 318.2
482.0
6.2
1 647.7
264.3
3.1
1 304.0
64.2
0.8
9 236.0
135.6
1.8
813.4
208.3
2.4

Other countries

5 871.5
363.5
4.7
13 793.0
652.0
7.7
15 350.2
638.8
7.8
9 236.0
320.3
4.2
20 791.1
752.4
8.7

Totally

287 875.4
7 738.3
100.0
289 247.2
8 437.0
100.0
301 508.0
8 166.7
100.0
294 807.7
7 582.6
100.0
324 671.2
8 697.5
100.0

Structure of the flat glass import according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

The 87.8 % of flat glass (expressed in CZK) was imported to the Czech Republic in 2010 from the European Union. The greatest importers are Belgium, Germany, France and Poland. From the Other countries the greatest importer is China with 69.2 % (520.3 mill. CZK). In comparison with 2009 the import from China increased by 74.6 %. The import, especially of safety glass (68.9 %) is realized.

Container glass

The container glass import in 2010 was on the level of 2009 with 1184.1 mill. CZK.

Container glass import according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

83 332.0
915.3
98.7
77 709.3
896.5
96.8
80 178.1
902.5
92.2
96 112.3
1 107.1
93.3
108 138.8
1 134.3
95.8

Europe, other countries

696.5
7.8
0.8
1 909.4
19.3
2.1
6 326.5
63.9
6.5
6 010.1
65.1
5.5
4 890.7
36.7
3.1

USA and Canada

3.6
1.2
0.1
355.1
3.3
0.4
1.4
1.0
0.1
1.7
0.8
0.1
58.5
3.2
0.3

Other countries

104.8
3.5
0.4
79.0
7.1
0.8
377.4
11.2
1.1
362.6
13.0
1.1
181.2
9.9
0.8

Totally

84 136.9
927.8
100.0
80 052.8
926.2
100.0
86 883.4
978.6
100.0
102 486.7
1 186.0
100.0
113 269.2
1 184.1
100.0

Structure of the container glass import according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

The import as well as the export is determined by a character of utilization of container glass assortment. In 2010 the 95.8 % of import was realized from the European Union countries. The greatest importers were Germany (28.1 %), Slovakia (27.6 %), and Poland (16.5 %).

Other glass

The other glass import was 1905.1 mill. CZK in 2010 (the inter-year increase by 16.4 %).

Other glass import according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Technical glass

34 679.1
1 148.8
36.8
11 809.3
539.8
18.2
1 791.0
263.0
14.9
1 428.7
140.2
8.6
1 917.0
232.7
12.2

Glass tiles, plates and blocks

13 456.0
292.4
9.4
10 205.0
319.7
10.8
12 303.4
376.0
21.3
8 650.2
275.8
16.8
8 069.5
284.8
14.9

Laboratory glass

162.3
47.6
1.5
225.0
54.6
1.8
246.1
56.0
3.2
2 988.3
60.4
3.7
1 892.6
73.0
3.8

Glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery

1 726.6
615.4
19.7
2 333.0
572.7
19.3
1 574.0
281.6
16.0
1 822.6
327.1
20.0
2 525.0
464.1
24.4

Other glass

77 123.0
1 014.1
32.5
83 749.7
1 476.1
49.8
85 889.9
784.7
44.6
97 409.6
833.8
50.9
102 766.8
850.5
44.6

Totally

127 147.0
3 118.3
100.0
108 322.0
2 962.9
100.0
101 804.4
1 761.3
100.0
112 299.4
1 637.3
100.0
117 170.9
1 905.1
100.0

Development of the other glass import according to the assortment (mill. CZK)

Structure of the other glass import according to the assortment in 2010 (CZK)

In the following table the other glass import according to territories is given.

Other glass import according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

107 192.0
2 264.5
72.6
96 117.2
2 084.5
70.4
94 318.8
1 371.2
77.9
107 923.4
1 298.3
79.3
106 632.9
1 487.9
78.1

Europe, other countries

819.7
56.6
1.8
690.3
84.9
2.9
256.0
36.9
2.1
81.0
15.3
0.9
2 730.4
24.0
1.3

USA and Canada

44.2
33.6
1.1
18.0
34.5
1.2
25.1
21.1
1.2
148.4
42.8
2.6
3 178.0
28.0
1.5

Other countries

19 091.1
763.6
24.5
11 496.5
759.0
25.6
7 204.5
332.1
18.9
4 146.6
280.9
17.2
4 629.6
365.2
19.2

Totally

127 147.0
3 118.3
100.0
108 322.0
2 962.9
100.0
101 804.4
1 761.3
100.0
112 299.4
1 637.3
100.0
117 170.9
1 905.1
100.0

Structure of the other glass import according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

In 2010 the 78.1 % of import was realized from the European Union countries and 19.2 % from the Other countries. The import is realized from various countries according to the assortment. In 2010 the greatest importers of technical glass were Germany, France, China, Malaysia and Taiwan, laboratory glass Germany, the USA, Great Britain, India and China, tiles, plates and bricks from glass Belgium, Germany, Italy and China, glass semiproducts for fashion jewellery Austria, Germany, Slovakia, France, China, Japan and India, and chandelier pieces Austria, Turkey, China and Egypt.

Glass fibres and products made of

Glass fibres and products made of were imported for 2133.3 mill. CZK to the Czech Republic in 2010.   

Import of glass fibres and products made of according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

37 072.8
2 205.3
85.6
37 831.6
2 058.2
74.5
37 410.2
1 829.3
77.8
29 377.8
1 201.5
74.4
35 831.1
1 467.3
68.8

Europe, other countries

1 206.6
85.2
3.3
2 369.0
165.1
6.0
1 509.7
122.5
5.2
3 679.0
118.9
7.4
6 513.2
192.6
9.0

USA and Canada

417.2
126.7
4.9
557.3
133.5
4.8
511.7
101.4
4.3
218.1
16.6
1.0
1 075.7
87.4
4.1

Other countries

3 541.0
159.8
6.2
10 312.8
404.2
14.6
8 696.4
297.9
12.7
7 270.1
278.2
17.2
10 638.4
386.0
18.1

Totally

42 237.6
2 577.0
100.0
51 070.7
2 761.0
100.0
48 128.0
2 351.1
100.0
40 545.0
1 615.2
100.0
54 058.4
2 133.3
100.0

Structure of the import of glass fibres and products made of according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

The share of European Union countries on import was 68.8 %. The greatest importers are Germany, Poland and France. From the other European countries it is Russia, Belarus and Switzerland. The share of import of the Other countries increased from 6.2 % in 2006 to 18.1 % in 2010. The greatest importers in 2010 were China, Mexico, the USA and Taiwan. The import from China and Taiwan totally in amount of 293.6 mill. CZK created 77.1 % of the import from the Other countries.

Utility glass

The utility glass import in 2010 was 1552.7 mill. CZK.

Utility glass import according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

European Union

24 133.5
1 232.8
78.3
11 131.3
1 238.9
77.5
10 860.7
1 271.9
78.6
20 017.5
1 081.8
76.9
24 038.6
1 071.7
69.0

Europe, other countries

833.0
18.2
1.2
1 761.2
38.8
2.4
2 244.2
46.2
2.9
1 485.4
31.0
2.2
1 142.9
28.0
1.8

USA and Canada

13.3
3.2
0.2
32.0
5.3
0.3
55.4
7.1
0.4
17.2
3.3
0.2
23.2
2.6
0.2

Other countries

7 995.5
321.0
20.4
7 900.5
316.5
19.8
7 792.8
292.9
18.1
7 996.4
291.0
20.7
11 656.9
450.4
29.0

Totally

32 975.3
1 575.2
100.0
20 825.0
1 599.5
100.0
20 953.1
1 618.1
100.0
29 516.5
1 407.1
100.0
36 861.6
1 552.7
100.0

Structure of the utility glass import according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

The greatest share of import (69.0 %) was realized from the European Union countries. The greatest importers are Germany, Slovakia, Poland, Bulgaria and France. The greatest importers from the Other countries in 2010 (29.0 % of total import) were China (239.2 mill. CZK) and Turkey (104.1 mill. CZK). Totally, both these countries created 76.2 % of the import from the Other countries. Import from the Other countries increased by 40.3 % in period from 2006 till 2010.

Household china and ceramics

Household china and ceramics were imported in a value 1166.1 mill. CZK to the Czech Republic in 2010.

Household china and ceramics import according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Household china

11 436.2
764.6
58.3
19 655.3
794.3
57.0
11 765.6
732.7
55.5
8 302.5
542.5
51.9
9 264.1
594.5
51.0

Household ceramics

11 891.1
404.4
30.8
10 453.9
413.0
29.6
11 270.3
416.1
31.5
8 094.9
342.3
32.8
10 461.3
405.3
34.8

Decorative and figural
china and ceramics

2 579.1
142.9
10.9
3 124.1
186.7
13.4
3 503.1
171.9
13.0
3 050.7
159.8
15.3
3 534.0
166.3
14.3

Totally

25 906.4
1 311.9
100.0
33 233.3
1 394.0
100.0
26 539.0
1 320.7
100.0
19 448.1
1 044.6
100.0
23 259.4
1 166.1
100.0

Development of the household china and ceramics import according to the assortment (mill. CZK)

Structure of the household china and ceramics import according to the assortment in 2010 (CZK)

Household china has a share of 51.0 %, household ceramics 34.8 % and figural china and ceramics 14.3 % on this assortment import.

Household china and ceramics import according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )

European Union

12 664.6
855.3
65.2
19 178.8
850.5
61.0
10 610.9
741.0
56.1
7 447.7
576.3
55.2
11 219.0
668.0
57.3

Europe, other countries

657.4
25.8
2.0
509.4
12.2
0.9
421.7
11.2
0.8
293.3
9.7
0.9
274.4
8.7
0.7

USA and Canada

1.6
0.7
0.1
1.9
0.8
0.1
0.7
0.3
0.0
12.7
1.7
0.2
1.2
0.4
0.0

Other countries

12 582.8
430.1
32.8
13 543.2
530.5
38.1
15 505.7
568.2
43.0
11 697.4
456.9
43.7
11 764.8
489.0
41.9

Totally

25 906.4
1 311.9
100.0
33 233.3
1 394.0
100.0
26 539.0
1 320.7
100.0
19 451.1
1 044.6
100.0
23 259.4
1 166.1
100.0

Structure of the household china and ceramics import according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

The import from the European Union countries has the 57.3 % share on the total import. The greatest importer is Germany with the 63.6 % share (424.8 mill. CZK) on import from the European Union countries.

The Other countries have the 41.9 % share on import. The greatest importer is China with the 97.7 % share (477.8 mill. CZK) on import from the Other countries.

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

The technical ceramics and sanitary ware import in 2010 was 801.7 mill. CZK. The import of technical ceramics decreased significantly.

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware import according to the assortment

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)
(t)
 
(%)

Technical ceramics

5 436.6
359.4
35.9
4 991.1
467.5
37.7
5 343.2
394.6
35.7
4 142.8
278.8
31.2
749.2
188.2
23.5

Sanitary ware

13 206.2
640.5
64.1
16 739.9
772.7
62.3
15 085.4
709.6
64.3
12 502.2
616.2
68.8
12 544.1
613.5
76.5

Totally

18 642.8
999.9
100.0
21 731.0
1 240.2
100.0
20 428.6
1 104.2
100.0
16 645.0
895.0
100.0
13 293.3
801.7
100.0

Development of the technical ceramics and sanitary ware import according to the assortment (mill. CZK)

Structure of the technical ceramics and sanitary ware import according to the assortment in 2010 (CZK)

 

Sanitary ware had the 76.5 % share and technical ceramics the 23.5 % share on import in 2010.

The technical ceramics and sanitary ware import according to territories

 
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
 
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
Net
Mill. CZK
Share
 
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )
( t )
 
( % )

European Union

14 492.2
830.9
83.1
15 797.5
994.0
80.1
14 455.3
851.6
77.1
10 965.9
605.1
67.6
8 124.9
594.5
74.2

Europe, other countries

377.6
44.3
4.4
490.6
89.0
7.2
909.1
60.7
5.5
772.7
36.0
4.0
1 340.8
53.8
6.7

USA and Canada

150.4
19.1
1.9
33.6
36.1
2.9
22.6
28.9
2.6
1.9
22.2
2.5
2.5
18.0
2.2

Other countries

3 622.6
105.6
10.6
5 409.3
121.1
9.8
5 041.6
163.0
14.8
5 174.5
231.7
25.9
3 792.1
135.4
16.9

Totally

18 642.8
999.9
100.0
21 731.0
1 240.2
100.0
20 428.6
1 104.2
100.0
16 915.0
895.0
100.0
13 260.3
801.7
100.0

Structure of the technical ceramics and sanitary ware import according to territories in 2010 (CZK)

The import from the European Union countries shared on the import of technical ceramics with 80.9 %. The greatest importer is Germany. The share of import from the European Union countries was 72.1 % in sanitary ware. The greatest importers are Poland, Germany and Austria. From the Other countries having the 19.5 % share on total import of sanitary ware, the greatest importers of this assortment are China and Turkey.

Balance of foreign trade

Balance of foreign trade (bill. CZK)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

5.125
5.250
4.567
4.607
2.742
2.415
88.1

Container glass

1.759
1.750
1.776
1.144
0.942
1.517
161.0

Other glass

12.581
11.784
10.648
7.259
7.424
6.282
84.6

Glass fibres

2.601
3.773
4.754
4.085
4.289
4.532
105.7

Utility glass

6.357
5.688
6.060
5.067
2.398
3.457
144.2

Glass total

28.423
28.245
27.805
22.162
17.795
18.203
102.3

Household china and ceramics

1.544
1.621
2.314
2.197
1.350
0.899
66.6

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

1.114
1.261
1.118
0.983
0.781
1.082
138.5

Ceramics total

2.658
2.882
3.432
3.180
2.131
1.981
93.0

Glass and ceramics total

31.081
31.127
31.237
25.342
19.926
20.184
101.3

Development of balance of foreign trade (bill. CZK)

Structure of balance of foreign trade

The branches of the glass and ceramic industry in the investigated period from 2005 till 2010 always very notably contributed to the active balance of foreign trade of the whole processing industry of the Czech Republic (see the Chapter “Position of the glass and ceramic industry in the Czech Republic”). The values of the balance of foreign trade confirm important export orientation of this industry. The balance of foreign trade was 20.184 bill. CZK in 2010 (growth by 1.3 % in comparison with 2009).

Effective home demand

The effective home demand index is defined by the formula:

(The revenues from industrial activities + Import – Export)

Effective home demand (bill. CZK)

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
index 10/09
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(%)

Flat glass

9.68
10.15
12.85
13.16
10.74
11.22
104.4

Container glass

3.07
2.96
3.03
3.14
2.63
1.68
63.8

Other glass

0.34
0.76
1.56
3.67
1.46
0.31
21.2

Glass fibres

1.39
0.63
0.39
0.05
-1.20
-1.30
-108.0

Utility glass

-1.20
-0.35
-0.34
-0.12
-0.68
0.56
-82.2

Glass total

13.28
14.15
17.49
17.77
12.32
11.35
92.1

Household china and ceramics

1.07
0.76
0.53
0.65
-0.52
0.07
-13.4

Technical ceramics and sanitary ware

1.86
2.57
2.45
3.12
1.61
1.70
105.4

Ceramics total

2.93
3.33
2.98
3.76
1.09
1.77
162.4

Glass and ceramics total

16.22
17.48
20.47
21.53
13.41
13.13
97.9

Development of effective home demand (bill. CZK)

The development of the effective home demand in individual groups of the glass and ceramic industry is differentiated and specific.

Conclusions

In the summary of prediction of the Ministry of Finance from July 2011 there is stated:

“The stimulation of the world economy continues in being complicated with many uncertainties. The main risk sources for the Czech Republic are connected with the situation of public budgets and with the situation in the bank sector in some countries of the Euro zone.

Prediction of the development of main macroeconomic indices

( Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic - July 2010 ) 

   
2011
2012

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Average growth in %, current prices

1.9
2.3

Average rate of inflation

Average growth in %

2.1
3.2

Unemployment rate

Average growth in %

6.9
6.5

Growth of average wages

in %

2.1
4.4

CZK / EUR

Average per year

24.1
23.5

According to the present data from the Czech Statistical Office the gross domestic product increased by 2.3 % in 2010. Due to the consolidation fiscal measures for 2011 it is expected a mild slowing down of economical growth up to 1.9 %. The growth in this year should be drawn especially by foreign trade, in smaller rate also by the creation of gross capital. In 2012 the gross domestic product should increase by 2.3 %.

For 2011 it is expected a growth of consumer prices slightly above 2 %, i.e. close to inflation goal of the Czech National Bank. The rate of inflation in 2012 will be significantly influenced by planned adjustments of the value added tax.

It is expected that the situation on the labour market will gently improve. The level of employment, after two years of decrease, should increase by 0.2 % in 2011 and by 0.5 % in 2012. After two years of stagnation the volume of wages and salaries should increase by 2.1 %. Wages and salaries in harmony with the development of nominal gross domestic product should grow more dynamically.

The ratio between the current account deficit of balance of payment and the gross domestic product should stay on a sustainable level; the prediction is, however, burden by an increased rate of uncertainty in connection with proceeding revision of data.”

The year 2010 was not so hard for the glass and ceramic industry of the Czech Republic as in previous years. However, according to the above mentioned prediction, the present development of foreign and inland economy does not give great expectations to improvement even in 2011. However, this development will be decisive for the glass and ceramic industry. To the uncertainties of future development, especially in Europe as the greatest export territory, the permanently increasing competition from the countries of the Third World, and mainly from the Far East, belong. This competition impacts with no exceptions all branches of the glass and ceramic industry investigated in this Annual Report. It cannot be forgotten even reflections about the growth of energy prices what would project not only to energy prices but also to raw materials and other materials prices.

For a pleasant development of the glass and ceramic industry the above mentioned facts are not good information. The export orientation and dependence on a number of following industrial branches for which it delivers its products, makes it very vulnerable. For companies there is still the same necessity to search ways how to orientate to the production with a high added value, how to strengthen the innovation in the production and in the management and commercial strategies.


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